Databases are widely used. Here are some representative applications:
1. Enterprise Information
Sales: For customer, product, and purchase information.?
Accounting: For payments, receipts, account balances, assets and other
Human resources: For information about employees, salaries, payroll taxes,
and benefits, and for generation of paychecks.
Manufacturing: For management of the supply chain and for tracking
production of items in factories, inventories of items inwarehouses and stores,
and orders for items.
Online retailers: For sales data noted above plus online order tracking,
generation of recommendation lists, and maintenance of online product
2.? Banking and Finance
Banking: For customer information, accounts, loans, and banking transactions.
Credit card transactions: For purchases on credit cards and generation of
Finance: For storing information about holdings, sales, and purchases of
financial instruments such as stocks and bonds; also for storing real-time
market data to enable online trading by customers and automated trading
by the firm.
- For student information, course registrations, and grades (in
addition to standard enterprise information such as human resources and
- For reservations and schedule information. Airlines were among the
first to use databases in a geographically distributed manner.
- For keeping records of calls made, generating monthly
bills, maintaining balances on prepaid calling cards, and storing information
about the communication networks.
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