Control Logic Gates




The block diagram of the control logic gates is shown in Fig. 5-6. The inputs to this circuit come from the two decoders, the I flip-flop, and bits 0 through 11 of IR.

The other inputs to the control logic are: AC bits 0 through 15 to check if AC = 0 and to detect the sign bit in AC(15); DR bits 0 through 15 to check if DR = 0; and the values of the seven flip-flops. The outputs of the control logic circuit are:

1. Signals to control the inputs of the nine registers

2. Signals to control the read and write inputs of memory

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3, Signals to set, clear, or complement the flip-flops

4. Signals for 52, 51, and 50 to select a register for the bus

5. Signals to control the AC adder and logic circuit

The specifications for the various control signals can be obtained directly from the list of register transfer statements.

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Frequently Asked Questions

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Ans: 1. A memory unit with 4096 words of 16 bits each 2. Nine registers: AR, PC, DR, AC, IR, TR, OUTR, INPR, and SC 3. Seven flip-flops: I, S, E, R, lEN, FGI, and FGO 4. Two decoders: a 3 x 8 operation decoder and a 4 x 16 timing decoder view more..
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Ans: The final flowchart of the instruction cycle, including the interrupt cycle for the basic computer, is shown in Fig. 5-15. The interrupt flip-flop R may be set at any time during the indirect or execute phases. Control returns to timing signal T0 after SC is cleared to 0. If R = 1, the computer goes through an interrupt cycle. If R = 0, the computer goes through an instruction cycle. view more..
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Ans: The input register INPR consists of eight bits and holds an alphanumeric input information. The 1-bit input flag FGI is a control flip-flop. The flag bit is view more..
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Ans: he block diagram of the control logic gates is shown in Fig. 5-6. The inputs to this circuit come from the two decoders, the I flip-flop, and bits 0 through 11 of IR. The other inputs to the control logic are: AC bits 0 through 15 to check if AC = 0 and to detect the sign bit in AC( view more..
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Ans: The registers of the computer connected to a common bus system are shown in Fig. 5-4. The control inputs of the registers are LD (load), INR (increment), and CLR (clear). Suppose that we want to derive the gate structure associated with the control inputs of AR. We scan Table 5-6 to find all the statements that change the content of AR view more..
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Ans: The control gates for the seven flip-flops can be determined in a similar manner. For example, Table 5-6 shows that lEN may change as a result of the two instructions ION and !OF. view more..
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Ans: The 16-bit common bus shown in Fig. 5-4 is controlled by the selection inputs S2, S1, and 50• The decimal number shown with each bus input specifies the equivalent binary number that must be applied to the selection inputs in order to select the corresponding register. Table 5-7 specifies the binary numbers for S2S1S0 that select each register. Each binary number is associated with a Boolean variable x1 through x7, corresponding to the gate structure that must be active in order to select the register or memory for the bus. view more..




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