# Common Bus System-memory address

The input data and output data of the memory are connected to the common bus, but the memory address is connected to AR. Therefore, AR must always be used to specify a memory address. By using a single register for the address, we eliminate the need for an address bus that would have been needed otherwise. The content of any register can be specified for the memory data input during a write operation. Similarly, any register can receive the data from memory after a read operation except AC .

The 16 inputs of AC come from an adder and logic circuit. This circuit has three sets of inputs. One set of 16-bit inputs come from the outputs of AC . They are used to implement register rnlcrooperations such as complement AC and shift AC . Another set of 16-bit inputs come from the data register DR. The inputs from DR and AC are used for arithmetic and logic rnlcrooperations, such as add DR to AC or AND DR to AC. The result of an addition is transferred to AC and the end carry-out of the addition is transferred to flip-flop E (extended AC bit). A third set of 8-bit inputs come from the input register INPR. The operation of INPR and OUTR is explained in Sec. 5-7.

Note that the content of any register can be applied onto the bus and an operation can be performed in the adder and logic circuit during the same clock cycle. The clock transition at the end of the cycle transfers the content of the bus into the designated destination register and the output of the adder and logic circuit into AC. For example, the two rnlcrooperations

DR +-- AC and AC +-- DR

can be executed at the same time. This can be done by placing the content of AC on the bus (with 525150 = 100), enabling the LD (load) input of DR, transferring the content of DR through the adder and logic circuit into AC, and enabling the LD (load) input of AC, all during the same clock cycle. The two transfers occur upon the arrival of the clock pulse transition at the end of the clock cycle.

**Frequently Asked Questions**

## Recommended Posts:

- DATA TYPES
- NUMBER SYSTEM
- CONVERSION - INTRODUCTION
- OCTAL AND HEXADECIMAL NUMBER CONVERSION
- OCTAL AND HEXADECIMAL NUMBER CONVERSION -2
- Introduction to Decimal Representation
- ALPHANUMERIC REPRESENTATION
- Complements
- Complements -2
- Subtraction of Unsigned Numbers
- Subtraction of Unsigned Numbers-2
- Fixed-Point Representation
- Integer Representation
- Arithmetic Addition
- ARITHMETIC SUBTRACTION

**3/5**